Tape copy

KIM Kenner 18 1981 Hans Otten, Translated by Hans Otten 2021

A program to duplicate a KIM-1 cassette tape with multiple files on it. Command driven. Requires enough memory above $2000 to hold the largest file on tape (32K for example)
Version 1.1 added the Check tape command.

Binary V1.1 can be downloaded here.

Requires two cassette recorders controlled via the Remote control, see below for the Micro Ade description of control via KIM PIA PB2 and PB3.

Source in Micro Ade format, also downloadable here.

************************************

TAPE COPYING PROGRAM
;
HJC OTTEN JULY 1981 V1.0
JULY 1982 V1.1
;
BASED ON SUPERDUPE FROM THE FIRST BOOK OF KIM
AND THE MICRO ADE CASSETTE ROUTINES
;
COPY WILL REPRODUCE A TAPE COMPLETELY AUTOMATIC
WHEN READ AND WRITE RECORDERS ARE CONNECTED
WITH THE MOTOR CONTROLS OF MICRO ADE
;
DURING READ OPERATIONS IT IS POSSIBLE TO STOP THE
COPYING BY MAKING PA7 OF PIA 1700 HIGH
REMOVE THIS BIT TESTS IF NOT AVAILABLE
AT O249, 02D6 AND 02E9
OR CHANGE FOR KIM TTY BREAK THE PIA LOCATION TO 1740
AND THE BRANCH FOLLOWING TO BMI
;
INSERT REWINDED READ AND WRITE CASSETTES
AND START AT 0200
;
FIRST THE WRITE CASSETTE IS RUN PAST THE LEADER
THEN A FILE IS READ , IF FOUND THE ID AND STARTADDRESS
ARE DISPLAYED . NEXT THE FILE IS WRITTEN.
IF READY THE DISPLAY LINE LOOKS LIKE
ID= 01 START= $3600 COPY !
THE DATA FROM THE FILE IS STORED IN A BUFFER AT $2000
WHERE ENOUGH RAM MUST BE AVAILABLE
;
THIS PROGRAM CAN EASILY BE MODIFIED TO
A CHECKING AND DIRECTORY OF ALL FILES ON A TAPE
BY REPLACING THE JUMP
02D0 4C 2A 02 JMP CREAD
THAT SKIPS THE WRITING OF A FILE
;
*******************************************************
;
COPY ORG $2000 ;
;
DEFINES :
;
BUFFER * $2300 ;
SYNC * $16 ; SYNCHRONISATION CHARACTER
EOD * $2F ; END OF DATA
EOF * $04 ; END OF FILE
SOD * $2A ; START OF DATA
FF * $0C ; FORM FEED
;
; ZERO PAGE USE
HELPL * $00DD ;
HELPH * $00DE ;
CHKCOP * $00DF ; CHECK OR COPY FLAG
;
RPTRL * $00E0 ; READ POINTER IN BUFFER
RPTRH * $00E1 ;
WPTRL * $00E2 ; WRITE POINTER IN BUFFER
WPTRH * $00E3 ;
STRPTL * $00ED ; POINTER IN PRINT STRING
STRPTH * $00EE ;
CC * $00F1 ; COUNT FIELDS IN WRITE
COUNT * $00F2 ;
CHKSUM * $00F6 ; CHECKSUM
CHKHI * $00F7 ;
GANG * $00F5 ; USED BY WRITE
ID * $00F9 ; ID OF FILE
STADRL * $00FA ; STARTADDRESS OF FILE
STADRH * $00FB ;
STARTA * $00FC ; CONSTANT FOR INDEXED WRITE
TRIB * $00FE ; USED BY WRITE
;
; PIA LOCATIES
;
PAD * $1700 ; BREAKKEY IN BIT 7
PBD * $1702 ; PB2 = READ, PB3 = WRITE MOTOR CONTROL
PBDD * $1703 ;
KPAD * $1740 ; LEDDISPLAY
KPADD * $1741 ;
KPBD * $1742 ; CASSETTE I/O
KPBDD * $1743 ;
TIMERT * $1744 ; TIMER
TIMER * $1747 ;
;
; KIM MONITOR ROUTINES
;
RDBIT * $1A41 ; READ BIT FROM TAPE
RDBTK * $19F3 ; READ BYTE FROM TAPE
RDCHTK * $1A24 ; READ CHARACTER FROM TAPE (2 BYTE)
PACKT * $1A00 ; PACK ASCII TO HEX
CHK * $1F91 ; COMPUTE CHECKSUM IN F6,F7
CHKT * $194C ; COMPUTE CHECKSUM IN 17E7,E8
INIT * $1E8C ; INIT KIM PIA'S
SPACE * $1E9E ; PRINT SPACE ON TTY
OUTCH * $1EA0 ; PRINT ACCU ON TTY
PRTBYT * $1E3B ; PRINT ACCU AS TWO HEX CHARACTERS ON TTY
CRLF * $1E2F ; PRINT CR + LF ON TTY
MNITOR * $1C00 ; KIM MONITOR ENTRY POINT
;
*******************************************************
;
MAIN FLOW OF PROGRAM :
;
PROGRAM COPY
;
INITCOPY
REPEAT
READ FILE TO BUFFER
WRITE BUFFER TO FILE
UNTIL FOREVER
;
END
;
*******************************************************
;
PROCEDURES :
;
START CLD ; PROCEDURE INITCOPY
LDAIM $0C ; INIT CASSETTE MOTOR CONTROL
STA PBDD ;
LDAIM $FF ;
STA PBD ;
LDAIM FF ; CLEARSCREEN
JSR OUTCH ;
LDXIM $FF ;
NEX DEX ;
BNE NEX ;
LDXIM HELLOM ; PRINTSTRING ('TAPE COPY')
LDYIM HELLOM /
JSR PRTSTR ;
LDXIM ANDMSG ;
LDYIM ANDMSG /
JSR PRTSTR ;
LDXIM CHKMSG ;
LDYIM CHKMSG /
JSR PRTSTR ;
LDXIM VRSMSG ;
LDYIM VRSMSG /
JSR PRTSTR ;
JSR CRLF ;
JSR CRLF ;
LDXIM CHKMSG ; PRINT ('CHECK OR COPY)
LDYIM CHKMSG /
JSR PRTSTR ;
LDXIM ONLMSG ;
LDYIM ONLMSG /
JSR PRTSTR ;
LDAIM $00 ; CHKCOP FLAG = COPY
STA CHKCOP ;
JSR GETCH ; WAIT FOR ANSWER
PHA ;
JSR OUTCH ; ECHO CHARACTER
JSR CRLF ;
PLA ;
CMPIM 'Y ;
BNE NOCHK ; IF CHAR <> Y THEN COPY
LDAIM $FF ;
STA CHKCOP ;
LDXIM CHKMSG ; PRINT CHECK
LDYIM CHKMSG /
JSR PRTSTR ;
JMP CREAD ;
NOCHK LDXIM COPYMS ;
LDYIM COPYMS /
JSR PRTSTR ; PRINT COPY
LDAIM $F7 ; TURN WRITE CASSETTE MOTOR ON
STA PBD ;
LDXIM $10 ; DELAY (LEADERCASSETTE)
JSR DELAY ;
LDAIM $FF ; TURN WRITE CASSETTE MOTOR OFF
STA PBD ; END INITCOPY

CREAD LDAIM BUFFER / PROCEDURE READ FILE TO BUFFER
STA RPTRH ; READPTR := BUFFERSTART
STA WPTRH ; WRITEPTR := BUFFERSTART
LDAIM $00 ; CHECKSUM := 0
STA CHKSUM ;
STA CHKHI ;
LDAIM BUFFER ;
STA RPTRL ;
STA WPTRL ;
LDAIM $FB ; TURN READ CASSETTEMOTOR ON
STA PBD ;
LDAIM $13 ; INIT CASSETTE I/O
STA KPBD ;
LDAIM $7F ; INIT LEDDISPLAY
STA KPADD ;

SYN BIT PAD ; REPEAT
BPL GOON ; WHILE NOT BYTE = SYNC DO
JMP MONRET ; READ(BYTE)
GOON JSR RDBIT ; IF BREAK EXIT TO MONITOR
LSR ID ; ENDWHILE
ORA ID ; READ(BYTE)
STA ID ; UNTIL BYTE = START OF DATA
STA KPAD ;
TST CMPIM $16 ;
BNE SYN ;
JSR RDCHT ;
STA KPAD ;
CMPIM $2A ;
BNE TST ;
JSR RDBYT ;
STA ID ; ID := READ(BYTE)
LDXIM $FE ; STARTADDRESS := READ(ADDRESS)
ADDR JSR RDBYT ;
STAZX STARTA ;
JSR CHK ;
INX ;
BMI ADDR ;
;
BYTE LDXIM $02 ; WHILE NOT BYTE = END OF DATA DO
DUBL JSR RDCHT ; BUFFER(RPOINTER) := READ(CHARACTER)
CMPIM EOD ; CHECKSUM := CHECKSUM + CHARACTER
BEQ WIND ; RPOINTER := RPOINTER + 1
JSR PACKT ; ENDWHILE
BNE ELNK ;
DEX ;
BNE DUBL ;
STAIX RPTRL ;
JSR CHK ;
INC RPTRL ;
BNE OVER ;
INC RPTRH ;
OVER BNE BYTE ;
WIND JSR RDBYT ; RCHECKSUM := READ(CHECKSUM)
CMP CHKHI ;
BNE ELNK ;
JSR RDBYT ;
CMP CHKSUM ;
PHP ;
LDAIM $FF ; TURN READ CASSETTE MOTOR OFF
STA PBD ;
PLP ; IF RCHECKSUM <> CHECKSUM GREAD FILE TO BUFFER
BNE ELNK ;
JSR CRLF ; PRINTSTRING ('ID=')
LDXIM IDMES ; PRINT (ID)
LDYIM IDMES /
JSR PRTSTR ;
LDA ID ;
JSR PRTBYT ;
LDXIM STMES ; PRINTSTRING (' START=')
LDYIM STMES /
JSR PRTSTR ; PRINT (STARTADDRESS)
LDA STADRH ;
JSR PRTBYT ;
LDA STADRL ;
JSR PRTBYT ;
LDXIM ENMSG ; PRINT ('END = ')
LDYIM ENMSG /
JSR PRTSTR ;
SEC ;
LDA RPTRL ; HELP := READPOINTER - BEGINBUFFER
SBCIM BUFFER ;
STA HELPL ;
LDA RPTRH ;
SBCIM BUFFER /
STA HELPH ;
CLC ; HELP := HELP + STARTADDRESS
LDA HELPL ;
ADC STADRL ;
STA HELPL ;
LDA HELPH ;
ADC STADRH ;
JSR PRTBYT ;
LDA HELPL ;
JSR PRTBYT ;
LDA CHKCOP ;
BNE ELNK ; IF CHECKCOPY FLAG <> THEN CHECK ONLY
JMP CWRITE ;
ELNK JMP CREAD ; END READ FILE TO BUFFER
;
; SUBROUTINE READBYTE
;
RDBYT BIT PAD ; PROCEDURE READ(BYTE)
BMI MONRET ; IF BREAKKEY THEN EXIT TO MONITOR
;
JMP RDBTK ; ENDIF
MONRET LDAIM $FF ; READ BYTE FROM CASSETTE
STA PBD ; END READ BYTE
JSR INIT ;
JMP MNITOR ;

RDCHT BIT PAD ; PROCEDURE READ(CHARACTER)
BMI MONRET ; IF BREAKKEY THEN EXIT TO MONITOR
JMP RDCHTK ; READ CHARACTER FROM TAPE

CWRITE LDAIM $F7 ; PROCEDURE WRITE BUFFER TO FILE
STA PBD ; TURN WRITE CASSETTE MOTOR ON
LDXIM $08 ;
JSR DELAY ; DELAY (FILEGAP)
LDAIM $27 ; INIT WRITE CASSETTE I/O
STA GANG ;
LDAIM $BF ;
STA KPBDD ;
LDXIM $FF ; COUNT := 255
LDAIM SYNC ; WHILE COUNT > 0 DO
JSR NWRITE ; WRITE(SYNCHRONIZATION CHARACTER)
LDAIM SOD ; COUNT := COUNT - 1
JSR OUTCHT ; ENDWHILE
LDA ID ; WRITE (START OF DATA )
JSR OUTBT ; WRITE (ID)
LDA STADRL ; WRITE (STARTADDRESS)
JSR OUTBT ;
LDA STADRH ;
JSR OUTBT ;
DATA LDYIM $00 ; WHILE WPOINTER < RPOINTER DO
LDAIY WPTRL ; WRITE (BUFFER(WPOINTER)0)
JSR OUTBT ; WPOINTER := WPOINTER + 1
INC WPTRL ; ENDWHILE
BNE SAMP ;
INC WPTRH ;
SAMP LDA WPTRL ;
CMP RPTRL ;
LDA WPTRH ;
SBC RPTRH ;
BCC DATA ;
LDAIM EOD ; WRITE (END OF DATA )
JSR OUTCHT ;
LDA CHKHI ; WRITE (CHECKSUM)
JSR OUTBT ;
LDA CHKSUM ;
JSR OUTBT ;
LDXIM $02 ;
LDAIM $04 ; WRITE (END OF FILE)
JSR NWRITE ;
LDAIM $FF ; TURN WRITE CASSETTE MOTOR OFF
STA PBD ;
JSR INIT ;
LDXIM COPYMS ; PRINT ('COPY !')
LDYIM COPYMS /
JSR PRTSTR ;
LDAIM '! ;
JSR OUTCH ;
JMP CREAD ; END WRITE BUFFER TO FILE
;
; SUBROUTINE NWRITE
;
NWRITE STX CC ; PROCEDURE NWRITE (N,CHARACTER)
HICA PHA ; WHILE N > 0 DO
JSR OUTCHT ; WRITE (CHARACTER)
PLA ; N := N - 1
DEC CC ; ENDWHILE
BNE HICA ; END NWRITE
RTS ;
;
; SUBROUTINE OUTBTC
;
OUTBTC JSR CHKT ; PROCEDURE WRITE(BYTE) AS TWO ASCII
OUTBT PHA ;
LSRA ; CHECKSUM := CHECKSUM + BYTE
LSRA ; CONVERT LEFT NIBBLE OF BYTE TO ASCII
LSRA ; WRITE(ASCII)
LSRA ; CONVERT RIGHT NIBBLE OF BYTE TO ASCII
JSR HEXT ; WRITE(ASCII)
PLA ; END WRITE BYTE
HEXT ANDIM $0F ;
CMPIM $0A ;
CLC ;
BMI HEXAT ;
ADCIM $07 ;
HEXAT ADCIM $30 ;

OUTCHT LDYIM $08 ; PROCEDURE WRITE (BYTE)
STY COUNT ; COUNT :=8
TRY LDYIM $02 ; WHILE COUNT > 0 DO
STY TRIB ; SEND 3 PULSES 3700 HZ
ZON LDXAY NPUL ; IF MSB BYTE = 1 THEN
PHA ; SEND 3 PULSES 3700 HZ
ZONA BIT TIMER ; ELSE
BPL ZONA ; SEND 2 PULSES 2400 HZ
LDAAY TIMG ;
STA TIMERT ; ENDIF
LDA GANG ; SEND 2 PULSES 2400 HZ
EORIM $80 ; SHIFT BYTE LEFT
STA KPBD ; ENDWHILE
STA GANG ; END WRITE BYTE
DEX ;
BNE ZONA ;
PLA ;
DEC TRIB ;
BEQ SETZ ;
BMI ROUT ;
LSRA ;
BCC ZON ;
SETZ LDYIM $00 ;
BEQ ZON ;
ROUT DEC COUNT ;
BNE TRY ;
RTS ;
;
; TIMING TABLE
;
NPUL = $02 ; NUMBER OF 2400 HZ PULSES
TIMG = $C3 ; TIMER COUNT
= $03 ; NUMBER OF 3700 PULSES
= $7E ; TIMER COUNT
;
; DELAY ROUTINE
;
DELAY LDYIM $FF ; PROCEDURE DELAY (NR)
YLOOP LDAIM $FF ; DELAY TIME * NR
ALOOP SEC ; END DELAY
SBCIM $01 ;
BNE ALOOP ;
DEY ;
BNE YLOOP ;
DEX ;
BNE DELAY ;
RTS ;
;
; SUBROUTINE PRINT STRING
;
PRTSTR STX STRPTL ; PROCEDURE PRINTSTRING(STRINGPTR)
STY STRPTH ;
PNEXT LDYIM $00 ; WHILE NOT END OF STRING DO
LDAIY STRPTL ; PRINT (MEMORY(STRINGPTR)
PHA ; STRINGPTR := STRINGPTR + 1
JSR OUTCH ; ENDWHILE
PLA ;
BMI LAST ;
INC STRPTL ;
BNE NEXTS ;
INC STRPTH ;
NEXTS JMP PNEXT ;
LAST RTS ;
;
; SUBROUTINE GET CHARACTER
;
GETCH BIT PAD ; PROCEDURE GETCHARACTER ( CHAR )
BPL GETCH ; WAIT FOR STROBE
GWAIT BIT PAD ; WAIT FOR END OF STROBE 
BMI GWAIT ;
LDA PAD ; GET CHARACTER
RTS ; END GETCHARACTER
;
; STRING DATA
;
IDMES = 'I
= 'D
= '=
= $A0
;
STMES = '
= 'S
= 'T
= '=
= $A0
;
ENMSG = '
= 'E
= 'N
= '=
= $A0
;
HELLOM = 'T
= 'A
= 'P
= 'E
COPYMS = '
= 'C
= 'O
= 'P
= 'Y
= $A0
;
;
CHKMSG = 'C
= 'H
= 'E
= 'C
= 'K
= $A0
ONLMSG = 'O
= 'N
= 'L
= 'Y
= '
= '?
= $A0
VRSMSG = 'V
= '1
= '.
= '1
= $A0
;
ANDMSG = 'A
= 'N
= 'D ;
= $A0